Prostate Cancer Diagnosis

Prostate Cancer DiagnosisWhat are your Chances for Having Aggressive Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is diagnosed by a prostate biopsy. The prostate biopsy procedure can be painful and often results in complications such as bleeding and infection. In 1% of cases, a prostate biopsy will lead to hospitalization because of a serious infection.

The lethal potential of the prostate cancer is determined by examining 10-20 tissue “cores” taken from the prostate through the rectum. A Pathologist microscopically examines a section of each core and grades the biopsy case on a scale of 6 to 10 called the Gleason Score. Low-grade prostate cancers (Gleason Score = 6) are considered to be non-life threatening cancers, and the patient may require no treatment. Often a Urologist will recommend patients with Gleason Score = 6 be put on watchful waiting or an active surveillance program. Prostate cancers with Gleason Score 7 to 10 are more aggressive cancers and may be life threatening. Patients with aggressive prostate cancer should receive and benefit from therapy.

Providing Innovative Patient Care

The 4Kscore Test innovates patient care by providing the latest technology to accurately determine your chances of having an aggressive form of prostate cancer (Gleason Scores 7, 8, 9, and 10) if a prostate biopsy were to be performed. If you are determined to be at low risk for aggressive prostate cancer by the 4Kscore Test, you and your Urologist could decide not to have a prostate biopsy because you are more likely to not have prostate cancer or have a non-life threatening form of prostate cancer. Avoiding over diagnosis of the non-life threatening form of prostate cancer (Gleason Score 6) also helps a patient avoid unnecessary surgery and radiation treatments that may cause incontinence and erectile dysfunction.

By providing the most accurate information available on the chances of aggressive prostate cancer, the 4Kscore Test can improve patient care on many levels: identifying patients with a high probability of aggressive prostate cancer that should be diagnosed by biopsy and receive appropriate medical treatment, and avoiding over diagnosis of the low-grade, non-life threatening form of prostate cancer (Gleason Score 6) that can lead to over treatment and reduce of quality of life.


How do I know whether I have aggressive prostate cancer?